The Government of Kenya and KPA are developing a second commercial port at Manda Bay, Lamu. The port is being developed to tap into the South Sudan and Ethiopian Markets under the LAPSSET initiative. It shall consist of a total of 32 Berths when fully completed. To start with KPA is developing three multipurpose berths. Currently the contractors China Communication Construction Company are onsite and construction has commenced. The port will be linked to its hinterland of South Sudan, Ethiopia by oil pipelines, super highways and standard gauge rail. This is a new transport corridor known as the LAPSSET corridor.
Shimoni is situated off Wasini Island in South Coast. The port is rather small and has limited connectivity to the hinterland. The present port is at a distance of about 4 km along the access channel to the open sea and the area is secure for navigation and fishing activities. Shimoni, with current volumes of approximately 10,000 metric tons, by far is the largest port of all coastal small ports in the field of coastal trade. Destinations are mainly Pemba Island and Zanzibar. Based on general economic growth, the port has the potential to accommodate increasing coastal trade volumes. KPA is working in collaboration with the county government of Kwale to develop Shimoni into a fishing and tourist port.
Shimoni, with current volumes of approximately 10,000 metric tons, by far is the largest port of all coastal small ports in the field of coastal trade. Destinations are mainly Pemba Island and Zanzibar. Based on general economic growth, the port has the potential to accommodate increasing coastal trade volumes.
The current jetty is originally a fisheries jetty built by the government and acts as the only facility of community transportation, including: tourism, fishing and trade. Shimoni has a wide well-sheltered deep channel for large seagoing vessels. Shimoni port is located along a well sheltered creek with a few patches of mangrove vegetation. The draft is substantially deep for medium sea vessels.
Shimoni is bordered by Kisite-Mpunguti Marine National Park that has rich marine life including fish and sea mammals. The area also attracts whales during certain times of the year and is a major tourist attraction. Extensive mangroves are present since the channel has no steep rocky cliffs.
Kilifi has a beautiful bay which is currently already used for water sports with a hotel anchorage. The jetty also handles fish at approximately 260MT per year, with marina facilities for tourists. The area is naturally sheltered with a bridge of 17m vertical clearance. This site is ideally positioned to develop as a high end marina. KPA is planning to build a jetty for fish landing, a Luxury Marina buildings with toilets and washing area, a Harbor Master office, and 200 mooring points for the various types of vessels.
Malindi Port is situated in Malindi town 120km north of Mombasa. The Port consists of a pier which is in a sound condition and I t is used as a landing site in the unsheltered sea mainly to serve local fish industry. However, as a result of accretion, the breaking zone has shifted to the pier’s fish landing site. KPA is planning to develop the pier to enable proper fish and tourists landing port, considering that Malindi is a tourist city. There is a jetty for fish landing on the beach handling approximately 1,250MT per year and 8000 tourist boat moves.KPA intends to acquire 2,500 sqm of land for port development. They will build offices, fish cold store and ice making facilities, boat repair facilities fuel shop and tourist offices. There will also be a floating pontoon.
Kisumu port is positioned in Kisumu Central Constituency, in Kisumu Town, in Kisumu County, in Kenya. It is situated on the shores of Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world. The catchment area of Lake Victoria, which encompasses parts of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi, has a population of around 35 million and a GDP of some USD 30 billion, i.e. about 40% of the total EAC economy. Approximately 0.5 million people live in Kisumu town and 10 million in the Kisumu region, accounting for around 27% of Kenya’s population. As such Kisumu is the third largest city in Kenya and a commercial centre with diverse and partly unexploited resources in agriculture, commercial, industrial, tourism and transport services.
Ngomeni a natural harbour in the centre of the coastline, could be developed as a third large port in the country. However, until 2030, which is the horizon of this study, all major port developments will take place at Lamu and Mombasa. Other ports will mainly be developed with infrastructure to facilitate artisanal fisheries. Ngomeni has a potential to develop as a third port of Kenya, it is recommended that KPA acquires the land around this natural harbour to secure for a future development. Secondly, in order to improve the credibility of Ngomeni as a port site it is recommended to add Ngomeni as a port in the KPA Act. The Port is currently handling about 550MT of fish, which is about 1,500kg per day. It also handles about 1,500 MT of coastal trade merchandise comprising various goods. Ngomeni Port has a natural sheltered harbor with good nautical access, 20 km North of Malindi. There is an all-weather road to the Mombasa Malindi highway. KPA is planning to acquire land around Ngomeni area and construct a proper jetty for fish handling and coastal trade, with potential to develop into a major port and possibly a Special Economic Zones.
A landing site for smaller yachts is already present in the bay and there is hardly any area available to create an additional marina. For the fish landing facilities a small piece of land has been found, which is considered as most suitable to develop the artisanal fishing port. KPA is planning to develop a small scale fish landing point and some marina berths.
For Kiunga, two sites have been assessed. A partial development plan indicates 20 acres in the north. However, that area lies directly behind a mangrove forest. Therefore, the current landing site is here proposed as port for fish landing and a small volume of cotton and coconut export. Currently there is a Jetty at the Kiunga Village, which although being used has a poor access to the sea. The port handles about 2,500MT of fish per year, with coastal trade amounting to 1000MT of mainly cotton and coconut. KPA is planning to acquire 20acres of for the development of the port into a proper fishing port to serve the local fishing sector. It will also dredge the channel and build a Jetty that has good sea access that can serve Gilinetters and the coastal trade, put up administration buildings, a storage facility for the fish.